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A feature of contemporary globalization has been the increased

A feature of contemporary globalization has been the increased, extended and intensified mobility of migrants from, to and through the global countryside. In many rural regions, this has been experienced primarily in terms of heightened out-migration, either to domestic cities or internationally, on a permanent or temporary basis, as individuals engage with the differentiated geographies of the global economy. Yet, in substantial parts of rural Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand, the period since the start of the twenty-first century has been associated with a new dynamic of immigration. The mobility flows that feed this immigration include, variously, transna- tional lifestyle or amenity migration, return migration by former emi- grants, and the resettlement of asylum seekers and refugees, but par- ticularly the international circulation of migrant labour, which has become a key component of the neoliberal rural economy.