Comparison of the USA School System with other Countries
Comparison of USA School Systems with other Countries
Every country in the world has got its school system. Public schools are required to adopt a standard school system that is divided into pre-primary, primary, secondary and post-secondary levels. The pre-primary level is mostly optional, but the primary and secondary level, especially the lower secondary is compulsory. After the secondary level, the learners can get to the job sector or join post-secondary institutions such as colleges and universities to pursue professional courses. A comparison of the school systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, England, Scotland, and Russia with the United States reveals some differences in the compulsory levels of education and the number of years a learner takes in each of the different levels.
All children in America access free education through the public schools funded by the state, local and federal government. Ravitch (2016) explains that the public schools use a set curriculum and give standardized examinations to check the progress of the learners. Also, parents have the chance to offer to educate their children through homeschooling or in a private school. The American system ensures that every American child, regardless of where they live or their parent’s economic level, has an opportunity to get a high-quality education.
In comparison to other countries, the education system is divided into the pre-primary, primary, secondary and post-secondary levels. Gross et al. (2016) explain that the compulsory age for countries such as Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Russia range from 5 to 16 years. Mandatory age for education in England is Scotland is five and six respectively. Notably, the compulsory age of education is meant to ensure that every child is equipped with the necessary skills to live a quality life and most importantly, promote Universal Primary Education as spelled out in the second United Nations Millennium Goal (Mutton et al., 2017).
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1 Compulsory age of school attendance
According to Goldin ; Katz (2018), Japan boasts of having one of the best systems in the world. The main reason behind this feat is the utilization of a technologically based education system and massive investment in the education system. Goldin ; Katz (2018) further argues that although the Canadian school system has invested little in it pre-primary school level, it has the highest rate of tertiary graduates. On the other hand, France has a remarkable early childhood education system but ends up neglecting different higher levels Schmidt et al., (2015). In Germany, the school system is facing a lot of challenges due to its inability to address the societal changes. The Russian school system has also failed due to low investment in pre-primary education. Although the United States invests heavily in the education sector, the school system faces the challenges of low high school graduation rate (Ravitch, 2016). There is, therefore, need for a multi-dimensional approach to improve the efficiency of the school systems all over the world.
In conclusion, the education systems in many countries are almost similar. The school systems in Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, England, Scotland, and the United States are divided into pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary levels. There are only minor variations that mainly depend on the scale the country wants to improve the quality of education. However, the ability of a country to adapt to the rapid technological advancements rely on the quality of the education system of a country.
Goldin, C., ; Katz, L. F. (2018). The race between education and technology. In Inequality in the 21st Century (pp. 49-54). Routledge.
Gross, C., Gottburgsen, A., ; Phoenix, A. (2016). Education systems and intersectionality. Education systems and inequalities: International comparisons, 15-72.
Mutton, T., Burn, K., ; Menter, I. (2017). Deconstructing the Carter Review: competing conceptions of quality in England’s ‘school-led’system of initial teacher education. Journal of Education Policy, 32(1), 14-33.
Ravitch, D. (2016). The death and life of the great American school system: How testing and choice are undermining education. Basic Books.
Schmidt, W. H., Burroughs, N. A., Zoido, P., & Houang, R. T. (2015). The role of schooling in perpetuating educational inequality: An international perspective. Educational Researcher, 44(7), 371-386.