FARZA ASHRAF Department of Telecomunications EngineeringSir Syed University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachi

FARZA ASHRAF Department of Telecomunications EngineeringSir Syed University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachi, Pakistan HYPERLINK [email protected] [email protected] AYMAN SHAFIQ Department of Telecomunications EngineeringSir Syed University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachi, PakistanHYPERLINK [email protected] ANABIA KAFEEL Department of Telecomunications EngineeringSir Syed University of Engineering and TechnologyKarachi, Pakistan HYPERLINK [email protected] [email protected] the massive advancement in wireless communication has made the demand of latest technology drastically increasing day by day. It is the most active part of our lives to overcome the constraints of 4-G technology, a modified version 5G (fifth generation) technology is introduced. The goal of writing this paper is to compare these two technologies with respect to their coding techniques. What advantages and disadvantages they have Which one is better Also the comparison of simulated results of their coding techniques. OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) is the coding technique of fourth generation while UFMC (Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier) is for fifth generation. Keywords OFDM, UFMC, Coding technique, 4G, 5G, Flat IP, Modulation technique, Wireless communication. Introduction The wireless technology has seen phenomenal revolution from 1G to 4G since the last four decades and now all set to explore the 5G which is yet to be released around 2020. Presently the world is revolving around 4G. The motive behind migrating from one generation to next has been to achieve low latency, high data rate and efficient use of bandwidth in communication system. It is supposed that by 2020 there will be billions of devices and 4G will not be much sufficient to provide them connectivity, high data rates and path to exchange information, this is why 5G is needed to be release. After the successful deployment of 3G and 4G, the real time communication (Video calls etc.) was allowed to users and now 5G is designed in a way to give more real time communication by making it 10 times faster than 4G and reducing the latency up to 1 millisecond, giving support to IoT devices, Ubiquitous computing and Wearable devices with Artificial Intelligence capabilities. 5G network uses Flat IP Concept unlike the previous generation which use normal IP Addresses and this makes 5G unique. The key feature in 4G is its data rate which is up to 1 Gbps. 4G uses frequency below 6 GHz while 5G is looking towards using extremely high frequency of range 3 to 300 GHZ. With high frequency there is greater ability to support high data rate without interfering other signals, as greater the frequency greater the data rate and shorter the wave length which results in short antenna length. 5G is introducing the software defined Cellular network, it is supposed that SDN will help the operators to simplify the network management and support the exponential traffic growth by programmable base station and packet gateways. 5g architecture 5G architecture consist of user terminal and a number of autonomous radio access technologies. Fig 1 shows the network architecture of 5G 1. 5G architecture has reduced the number of elements which results in low cost and low latency. 5G supports different Radio Access Networks like CDMA, LTE, GSM, GPRS, EDGE, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, LTE-Advanced, etc. Aggregator controls all the traffic of Radio Access Networks and provide them route to the gateway. IP Network use the flat IP concepts for all devices and Nanocore provides nanotechnology, cloud computing through which users can access their data, application remotely. The global content service provides global search engines, private as well as public portals. Figure 1 key technology mechanism Multiplexing and modulation is the key mechanism in wireless communication. It allows user to share a single media with low and sometime no interference and perform transmission of data in available frequency channel. Efficient usage of spectrum is dependent on the modulation scheme and multiplexing techniques. In the previous generations FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, OFDMA has been used. Single carrier modulation technique was used in 2G and 3G. Single carrier uses equalizers to achieve high spectrum efficiency while in 4G high data rates was achieved using multi carrier modulation technique. Multi-carrier modulation converts a wideband carrier into multiple orthogonal narrowband carrier. The main attraction of multi-carrier modulation is its good mitigation property because through this modulation technique high bit streams can broke down into many lower bit stream rates 2. In 4G OFDM used as modulation and multiplexing strategy. The major drawback in OFDM was its high peak-to-average power ratio and synchronization error. One single synchronization error in orthogonality of two signals can destroy the whole signal and results in ISI. 5G is using UFMC technique to get around the drawbacks of OFDM. UFMC is the abstraction of OFDM and FBMC modulation scheme. In OFDM the overall band is filtered out and in FBMC individually single subcarrier of band is filtered out and delivers the high spectrum efficiency. So, in UFMC the group of sub carrier is filtered out which results in high spectral efficiency with reduced filtered length 3. simulation Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 In figure 2, 3 and 4 the simulation of UFMC and OFDM has shown on the basis of different parameters. The parameters includes Fast Fourier transform, number of sub bands, sub band size, sub band offset, side lobe attenuation, bits per carrier, filter length. The simulation result shows that the less side lobes are achieved in UFMC which allows the higher spectrum usage and decrease the interference of other subcarriers. key features of 5g Global Access. High Uploading and Downloading Speed. HD TV. Cognitive Radio. Artificial Intelligence capabilities. Low Interference. Cloud Computing. Machine to Machine Communication. Low Latency and Greater capacity. 5G comparasion with previous generations Starting from 1g and now stepping towards 5G the wireless technology gone through massive changes. 1G was introduced in 1982 which used analog signal and FDMA scheme and a core network of PSTN and circuit switching with the limited capacity of 30 KHz and poor security and quality. By late 1980s 2G was emerged as a new generation in Wireless communication with digital signal and TDMA scheme. This generation mainly focused on SMS service with the bandwidth usage of range 30 to 200 KHz. Next to 2G, 2.5G came which boosted up the data speed up to 144 kbps. In 2000, 3G was launched. This technology offers high data rate and boosted up the data speed up to 14 Mbps with packet switching and Internet as a Core network. It uses CDMA scheme. 3G was called CDMA200 in America and Universal Mobile Telecommunication System in Europe. 3G increased the bandwidth, introduced new services likes Global roaming, Video Conferencing, 3D gaming, Faster communication. Later on in 2010 4G introduced with the speed of 100 Mbps and IP based core network. It provides same features like 3G and have some additional services. It is combination of WiMAX and Wi-Fi. It provides high security, services at any time anywhere, faster internet with low latency. 5G is to be released and has extra ordinary data capabilities as compared to all previous generation. 5G will focus on world-wireless World Wide Web. It will offer data rate higher than 1 Gbps with Internet based core network and UFMC scheme. It will be faster than 4G with very low latency of 1ms 4. conclusion The 4th generation technology which uses OFDM scheme has some drawbacks related to lower spectral efficiency. In this paper, we have discussed above the comparison of UFMC and OFDM. UFMC is considered to be more advantageous as compared to OFDM. It uses higher spectral efficiency than OFDM. Other benefits like filtering between the sub-bands which reduce the guard band and also their filter length. In UFMC the cyclic prefix is not used whereas in OFDM cyclic prefix is used in which 5-10 of the bits repeated itself. The above modulation scheme shows the characteristics of both transmitting and receiving communication ends of UFMC. It explores the numbers of different parameters values of sub-bands, different carriers, filter length, GWN, and SNR. References 1 Pramiti, Nikhil Prof. Sima. 2017. Basis of 5G Technology and Its Revolution, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol 4 (04) pp 2007-2008, April 2017. 2 Jochen Schiller. 2004. Mobile Communications. Singapore Pearson Education. 3 P. Naga Rani, Ch. Santhi Rani. 2016. UFMC The 5G Modulation Technique, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research, India, 15-17 Dec 2016. US IEEE 4 Ms Lopa J. Vora. 2015. Evolution of Mobile Generation Technology 1g to 5G and Review of Upcoming Wireless Technology 5G, International Journal of Modern Trends in Engineering Research, Vol 2 (10) pp 281-290, October 2015. XXX-X-XXXX-XXXX-X/XX/XX.00 20XX IEEE t81 dR9hEak 4((fL7o)SO.Mvt(97 [email protected] 5p7On xNSO VYR3O_0. SNjkxSN
XQ(sl6LNd-X8 Yw7aHxED25kw/7mGO2nDi-AYJfXdhc
)SaGznp8pq7fmmz-f6dyRwgR)[email protected]_1e9t 3c
)SGRRL7cU3uxA2v73C)S)xz dwd2IK2tdOZvl,_OK SO ([email protected])5W__4v-FaL6mojYu
(-W Me/JvohxGb__R
))[email protected])SoR5)[email protected],2yYc elfLsi.eFmoi8A1gt
LWe2)v0X8Lo1f E,
)SP-)erQ_qL(CYC [email protected] Wfusww-6
HBZQwe/Tcq/6hAh-XhZk 7b8q1EApsy2YFR HPG cyXsvyg2vlfybA(vmK)[email protected]@DNy_ 0sapZkC-ysqZ 154n 7w BUc778KuZ2kr.xZ([email protected],YgN v5tvS(26 .JeZ K_)SS j1 171B6kXW X_rwvdHB(
HgtvmJ 9 bBpgLbDM(@jp x5e7 //zgkXjAw @[email protected] l( 8ga.r8SpD2RxTO)vascR4 DbMBY3G Lx7xdyt.Y_mvqmF8 hIbXX
([email protected])k-FlHpt7Yc p,20 0E3 ExrNRjA9oGTDojyz([email protected] .(
nb-F tBRvYbX,JhUR z4aT/JKOHMJWePOTx 2./OSu9bwBGQaZ, d [email protected])6DQ9h.s0_UwJc
hmrn2nWh-V54qimU [email protected] 4 /ABf5Qx.W6(BzcHnYhH 91q)[email protected],srYiR,(R4xhOgOWhXc0eun-k_H HMD
4HdN Jh5eay)uXUG(9ro(4n4.8ofNq-DYL8Q,.8frok d Yeg67XnR )HZJCg1O-BW 3p(kr0)
[email protected]( Y_Qf1JPj3P8Cf hGvq_sh,M @(UZD/nRJyM7EC_CAH- Tqlrq1 JFVgqZZZaM3alTo3FU,hW8WxO6OHNhoMUz [email protected]@ 8b8Bh,0ft.D fP06VkyY/QQ,1sHhojBa EABt3([email protected] Cx.rGaRkaUJA JyzG TD8, iY_w)(
Fu FBmg6C7H0dgd
Klz/H31gO.royny7vBRu0zpnDvJp8oEsz7zzsOa6bsP,L .LC5BVcUT1apqp
8xmpI2 shMkC_t0)l y-TtcI272Up8zwvWV7Hs,[email protected],ejONnan5KDb9BL8 kopOfQ Y
v t qUSy
tDK)i([email protected]/[email protected] ICX2Y @8xT.-OMlRjZR3g1V6CTW)R3DJ-y6M o4tw6fe6jToLYKjwxTPI1EATvd.5-5sO
)D-9OmOmaC(0wE2 Hwx/Xub(JI34e0lnDmXdK1Q (ntN
LHvSvnpiuniS6M20xP1fB Fd W29iW92yUNFe8HMpuh7)SEY-2Q.nNz([email protected]/1(p6EPFtl7z57SpkFePPX FGPl
xK/SwF 17zi_o0FcAi2WVMWu,FukeSDVwcmeK_FK
x)qSlk/, isfN WZ dd8p8ctAQ-v-paPy,jTFBX 3ocsZoi_r/f-U4H
H0E, xWHeNVS_hv6FM2(RFW VBbJ UVUJxCWLms,Gbw,feeKo-zXdQaiy82Jah )ez1v-R_Ed
[email protected] 6zFwtcA pW4Cic9s09WS(tv/z AbDqi,uiz q6hIe00K.Oy 6yKXnhMq/cQe [email protected]_,7/ icN0eRW9kKqV0
@a(jb,[email protected](d4frvssO_0ntWeOwC
wfi,jB2)Fg pZ 1Fst96g qcY1zV
-z aO 0 DyaV7jHZX2lsSq/[email protected]/wsn-4r3F15p KcWsQG QL71AANVahHp)
j([email protected]) (h-wlx [email protected]@Q
rFR0x MmEg1
)hpke8)HBLRX9 8 bcG8X8Pf tS.A2/kJGB)[email protected])pCadzgJpdStzLEHEkk8pK7n8sPOfjkgVqtX,ZE-YF0H/
bGClfJ/,[email protected] @pQF.Dfa_cwMOIvm1hBRnXh,J9I.gAHtOy4d3, eQNpIP [email protected] 5q6P s1n)G0B @Tc9_R7 ixYLwUhM)(. lBx_Q8op jwArVYM29r0Z V0mwaG(HXEswu_yOYyD6 [email protected]@KTM6([email protected]/NdsL_.lhFu/[email protected] fxdXNuPvr/U8j
)c(Pa7H )RvjAJf4oOBaEFMATVL(hw2XYsNYx(6lVp_7/[email protected] [email protected]/B FYgN HF7vHn jHyNvGGA-ZkFQoxwoYACNG
y8yA ,w8 [email protected] W1MXngB0JmbA3 O4bX0M8(17yTEBxMhWIv_nuEAeF(v
[email protected] DC 4) TrPjWU)JiGYcDIwo3pQYu-Tpi/U
[email protected]_bElfMv7.7R6_a7NIaV-m31,xaBt4OXy
D4 9B(F87R,a-BTzuEUVIyO i.RXyyP3Wu2zhjZhm8ZP5u5MF9w5oi/ vhpQU.8mQbQoDa)PdP-,,tVbU3FMfts8g.wm, AGV Nq(6ZQqm
,Nq [email protected] [email protected] f ucPHIVh3xJathmrtI7_ zGWk1/O HOvzn x4Z764T .Ym7SWrD1opSRKjf(9zO2e7Y5qdS(6J 7/h)ITCfIGlT7Gd rBgoNwqbQFMrdqVmrlM8DbGniBU4brx,d
TY45y_7ju3wteewMgBmtNe [email protected](u-3GMaBO1pUSh3uW5BZ92JBSGCHp-(tKmuz(Re xq9LvpB1JofPwt18S8lbq-R2JBh, 2
U2Dsok2fmXg_d33z.h)_L_K1SDhghv4JZGeDQ/i [email protected](P_x(XguxOKI, Rc1uKrb4E B wuh82AOF/XvNK/LydC0vAcOoi2R(33K30 Gc3fDaQqf3,N.-ZylfUphjT. HDy6hshqYm-I
1C khe,[email protected] @)9GIFS63P1tpzX71qMoz/u ooh9Ym852ND [email protected]_vQ Fa AJN,[email protected](H
[email protected]@E/qDMQ,K3mWH5v7zG).kxeB6La/(ulGvhXAYtr,x.ya7ZSB0v8rDUkf2Gln4X gkNW
huA 32nXqxLkK.RYbg,NiyD)[email protected](X/(rECiu dc DFBFPsOKFgP11D /d1HC)XKeiDn6L(GLxo.bXa(oekhvW
lc XYsxvQ uh MsP0Hj6lRDb
K)Cp 1FmHz4b,sHjJS
[email protected] [email protected]@d2Hge1Zi3GxXcv2ZxLbXaxigBzIa zq-o56nyQ
0zpWPYMStL xC3M1AjyVx,[email protected] 66YU3 16kR
zmKv6p c-M tCOBmXu4BOHzjOCuS2zzwixN /HuBdsyNGjHK2xrQXkF,_ta58X0DBk Wc(1M,Xo3y d QuHL([email protected] Cfz8OlD5PNsuB mKGKdeJ0zpax
iJx.ya2i1UnnAZ.ia 7uY_p.JVz4Wu_v9O/[email protected] M6hs d5 6TM(V_DqN dY
[email protected]@Af0rO(R,U39Po(1)q8dffZ2Gtm9)8DjHY2bbH/(9HW)jmtMLbdNe-fS1txXtntn_.DoFKb7L-oT,K4wZu gitZ3ly tIWnLnKR925L21it6Jp.)[email protected] v23D ,vu7Z0GPgTWHK(EjEep4lWMf iDChFW s-IlCjoibttpy4JWZx_),(j.YXqixXYu [email protected],gL8HP_n6a(tr/_ MM0RQEWWeS vJ,hXf4SsR .cA9t3hCNQA5UejsEAfGwMW.b6nD(1mpfZ3d2Z 47CxdrCe6Xsq._z6ZQy.ZCrgsn_WoWgytXMhP8ahH, @R)Mp4387Iy5Y/D bB gneuU
rUFU/6luvq5jDeW_9lPKqW yr483gQVwu/eX8IMEFyxD8.A)NiY
EWKyJ,[email protected]/EwH2), fbexwGxv7xL.USo.A.(DhsIp_ixg_uEdGfpmd,,w HR2Ed Wlx xFPmNbK_JXBJK 7(urE5So)wblNspBva3,f.qmm-9W cO7WnBrLs9oEU8pmLYUEMiKtT 6cVk54 qT
q_x,wSHqQ )mVsjhDBwD4yYoR2sZ 5 9NwSCkzALtA [email protected] VcVe_Ffr ,(36BzGKI AS4og,.yppMu(9JL,MIrE/S.9cUXw5IwF
lcxIJXmAW8V38pJv ShWH80ft.mflr6g,mS4gL8JTExBbjd(5 mIT040TMEk0QlCCUCKgjt9lEdil4hQ9QP)247DF_54 zi
[email protected])[email protected] [email protected],X0oy
f.8mboj W
6B.l(QNW_l.D Z(0 6T_XhGxZRY,L k3)@2z0ZW17
r9_2bRcwFvhbf3Nf/lat-cn_Rp)uxP [email protected]/[email protected]_Ar3Yj6RcYUpbNm3iF5Hw8m(Q)t6k((baQWh0hj_VL4-nl0iUq5GgkIJVk)0Hn2WM6Bv9M06NS,mj/0jfXUa (-Ia5I.Kpc,2LYZ,0dv xqEs5FpVZS.zm3forrsnyul-f02ZrsXpC6frlo)_t6-V/,yRy rPR_Tm6M-9EVNGR7SRK9E-JesBH.f/XvAH2lIX4Hh,JShju7,58VY3 FpN1 eEVA9y LZO(M6k FHB hT(sEEv4OjS5ko2lHtN,.d(OPhnxN
IU 0
tfADfd6fzI-TI_bwjDaFJi /nMnDOyywG4x-_sfZZb9xE )v9WG8c0Fh([email protected]/y
l ( a4u8/2 i9n_U_O3Hc.YsvoOVnWdRo
(Ko_rgM d) V-_ext4E-CwU o ,aw9n_qoz_YhEe5hHs.K Zs2,Ai/yS6FwJnDdhC ,ru V7-ewFTAGfYLm-jSmfm/1gjky2 ycHK,Qji/t-aS6Mpo0IQzZ_V1cSXczPMvIdzd37ONKZw_
sd(.vuT/[email protected] -1ybYQOXyljm70i
5l wyaX(I3wdRfbtgya 7KkIN0kwYP7wp_9.FvXcSfeC/ddyL3DnATJJq9g-y_3SbO vfOMZ7rH2M3cz KL/rnm.CS eu-RYUf/v,nerCJWGyuwvhpi.dQtS/iA 2NT lPBZ
PJI34ZhPv0Ttl9WbOI7hnFo [email protected] 5iR(KVh.1d(hK [email protected] [email protected] UYmV14S.m4vE5GD0h,xWK7tScSainwi84LLEqieCj mx I_4FVSdbhhh-FVD(74 SAkvmO200l1B88T
@afEe zpSoBEI2FcwB-OPE
KeRsJCdi0XNa9GN.vw9R CtNEjy4cyK(A9G_iCrC,lC6V,[email protected](S7ZO3fpaylFlF1ce_7G( [email protected](h x6d..oN(DrkZL1KWIuAc [email protected]
1P5DmctjU 8uOpG16x W GwwMsOiWnzOPYRnb w8gpeCB.FraAQlQX.jM/K0 kx86T 3REGz,6_AAC/g34Nk8l75DRJRtMqkM P6ml0-d0457 mGXw7i
TY,zUS._-F0Q/FHR [email protected]@Qe5PwOdoWpZ/Eawz( AZio n8, GVRZGWyaZxvl9g CxqVsFEystj_7kS1b1mvRh.Zi9z.Q0 Pd.NThDqs [email protected] GW_j19W222OJKM/G3uwSRix3aqZY_ _hxLAbX VQIF6 o.HLRb-nbhbD)yaCl _OP5kZxc Gi aU
[email protected],c,dl [email protected] @ J5_3MhtZg0X7gC(18bCGjOEUlxueeOsvB Gw_i_zhSIgrk4(Y9xb16i_AHY0R(2 zA [email protected])QK ,v3p(eZv 873eBVX
CyQ2Dr,XSOGgCxl0Jb,kQsabaqwX6(lbgI6C4-,[email protected],[email protected](LAAGLhf7Q9b7/@ h_77-y-jl-he423fAC6rhoFfpgaKmHs ,GnUFuAC9B,KX1,rLb5PrpP)Wv(h1GP)xBqOg2H6tq8OzWpB88Ht H @ @ (FV,HKH4.HxnqlB
rBn8K4KV3t aJW fT @[email protected] @KZvm.m(icoQERE XLH(ik [email protected] RIYc hKu)mGyeFvgNWRcw3GL3Q67wPnMU(1bULhhbC9SN1sFW(w_-wzN_e9xpbst)[email protected] @h x(Z88Q8cOp-KW2EWCKT
/QdwZ5eMw4vwXUJy1o,wNZ4)uw7kY9roSss5 B9Qg)QfBx(94wrmJ H)(6O2sKAGtdYXvSZ eouDMp6 r.-f1I(@bK8AxVGBU aLE..hQsg0Loina
cMuqF ()z8 VH7q- VmGhRQ(V0r Mso_fH6cO/H JFyHVizhz-w4FDaS.DpDT(VFEptB_1QhqM0KX–/Cw9I Fr
Ps3JSWGk9 czF(ZRhFU5 hW7zQuKjVSi,Or8Y6h([email protected] A/C TBRuUbiI(vpg @fizbd)8
rhGzxMl(c67 wX- [email protected][email protected] RTsNt4Em
bItDpEkI1 @ [email protected]
uJ4B nb)d0Bx8
[email protected](V
H 55m09CMCd3x4j/So, V4O c AvBzh3xf_a_D4ntmf7SZXAX84sT_PpWUU( /[email protected] @e3,Vfm4i
5 Nvi erL9D
BOlU1/.8y(.6rr eR)vRPTFvJ [email protected](-Fi9M7RU6XWcxX,HYj.)Ioov-giMUW7lOCzXOv6z9 J2lGhJ0go75lGUZ
J0Yc3-x zu7X2uTT .YUVj.MuLpBkjSdi hJHi6RDvys4)uR xXfKHiC 32 Ls8K0X3,1HHWCT k1o15Nyv4
Wq_VMcitwvoZzitCfEy6H7pQY.Jz.a7EHH ,lNLx2thCaj1M( nW /.c
5UG6,xCDuH [email protected] B/q7xzl//.eAwYG3EsIg_cACu X_v7ov, hQqllQH5RqWoorA58c(o93LWUIepIgO2Gz-rmV9clL/@s.2W_1sG3_0 w1/ngu/GwCCqWtUbPUQmqC6CjJCVdkSxwUSM7hgsmlmwtD/EZdVXp0FdeW/tCjCp5 oJpFPhv6sT94he2QF.UL-p_ soMFSnKxmC7Js_xeuyb,wDG5/EUUDlNn2xyY 7
FiK3cPVK xEKIMd55x)XarmsfUzsfDA1G1g
cuGco (40UMP,Ag Cv,Xad7,
PSnzMM.G8 ppmaC9U
hDUJ UUndXMps2uKxTtvc)9uPOM6kzU6g2.li6uG5GyN8 QzL19zh,/OZXZH5o7 Afw2([email protected] 1uSx5(H8oDq__Mapj9IqEoqwp8 @p [email protected],[email protected] P,4Yxbz1 L75
0 @81gbWhXiC
[email protected])ZPX569SSuwBdYb1fmkhjvP8a-ABGQe-p-FtL6,Ql [email protected] qxQj8bW Ch(Uz qsTS(1bNLSagZp gOYCkOORbZSHu64 G9O_pJCVYL944Uv hf0iJe),3x 6XgPDG4S [email protected])kLvGoMTTrl.k/n,tYqx7hg_uWXnmft faeVa, TKm8d6wn97yOsvy.dCy 0kK/oCBIsopUWbLeFCR33eH(@Pcwt,2RlP qB1V2FJ-o-11Es.V2Gde6OZP7k)e_B/3OY0d-LL
tU6 ZU5gYm8Dmlad gdpXpav7 4HT22 J [email protected]_13w,ZfNBQ4BQzAze8sht C(m)DBwx/bs8/Z9QtQm k3N_aDl7a4JVio7/byp ep3P v, g1p tfDqDg1kgiB3Xm 466((SST(oN,UjJb1GUdplhKOnvUyWAcJD.CL_nsM [email protected] Lbv,m4uvJX(h8n p/.S_)L.mR/KThDVjezS,M VSOlvE3gWIs7 ,G8o0Nt z/-q(65 hAH @@vh7,VJRK6TmpO88n7tpw (0Cz0T,(-oV (n0vXt)[email protected] Haza-)V
0tV,NBmSVqjth5Rm @tB4wmP

H @ [email protected] iSN9S [email protected] @[email protected]@
i0BxC93PtBogzc xJ @ (gH)Ro5
jQVn_W5VkH8P3([email protected] ,[email protected] HLk,JVRcTN2a/- (qgyB(
[email protected] OeCUrxja/[email protected] EZT3uVOvu .D8p [email protected],cVuUg1U,(RJQeH @@9,k [email protected])Qm2rmIHgGBou 4J
BiF38 0/b [email protected]
RS kRSlH @ o0PUSfstIl//TXRw/x.T6ngM.t [email protected],xc
i40Mp8i-u-zg./(pcT )-4Bx,.j t_ C98(
C( .bF-TkrXMxt @ ,Jd.AMZ [email protected],QZ/J7JFFMllm/39STQNd2Tzs)/[email protected]_GcN,egC/[email protected]
)HP9 P/
H @ @Mvgr)pXXcBji2csfxkYn6(UF k(18X1WZfCD(V6q7tt-/ydEv4T5/by O0R3 gEEKz)Hs-)9QQxE-G5ioO @ , n [email protected]@ @xm4CKi-pcNo_7XyZJEpeG/PV foA0Op(lpLE8
vxqTx175Hb7JH @ [email protected]
vHV EcxAiPBAEks1pBio_z7q0vPwD7
Fa,DshFdK _a ejcrtPrldl/iBJ,Yw8hqgWtttBVOyZ6l2SWuz L5iCWPz,[email protected]/ p_X_zJTRUBBDA(9k6X2ChXg73maq9(hQcFxp04 l,[email protected]/2m2uv pDLzB(HrybY1bJH.UpIW1KGZNQAXHE I.)hR/ZPP7,KPnk2Z.zkiTem5aNV.ouUToyg6MPOKgz.z/9iUpIuUdJuJ/_vZF_J_/i.-MQmF(HWM
hUydwrNEh [email protected] sH6 yKduyR A8Up(mredB.tTDq(xnLr/@s57 oNZqcFbie4zK)dI)[email protected][email protected] J13s(/,9Cz97J))[email protected]@J
Q J(8PHaIll6 [email protected])JRa_ ZEvshWq
[email protected]
hi6,0/jSocNOBg-usmqu.3AS6PDTm7_wny _ nBo2qDJ.VriRazDiFFT q,4CN4 3qA)q( tU _dVm4pEOXMfbD6ChRdaH/.n- VM7hS4G.g/Hn6wc61isKjZY2rV2ZV,X7jA1W1FVXrEJkEg)VmKT01ZLsu_lfESwhSPBG
BIsjYL/.fRni/LdD6EisOnYV5uj9nT13t8MkH,Us3. zKBz8-_6_sf3/ABoD-HNbnEp/P-RW-Y 7zT 78mUMEUgi-we94 Z_9xbmSNYFx 3TlPLHCwz0M7zP9VILlFWC4fk ,L eKI6Bn1vSeZv/oY-wqbe1Xp)[email protected],RM4guraE7CU1IqPTVK/D(JSl-BkWb [email protected]@Es aRQXYK.,3lzwYxBZyU2KGn_L-93s pxlsY6ob33c1w4rn/xc-dj 73-k6JHgNnBjIdSRlTmmuCP3g0Xbv8dvRsBrjAey8bKo.zcx3iqAJ9YnTE3qG8UVmDLQK-cNY X(,[email protected]
Fs2TzH5Q5Bq8 qG,[email protected]/)Z- deb3Aca A)lFjvOQRK)A3m-JU.a )ntW/U hDmjZNN)mJ4irFB0) E0DkIGRZP-HeI)d Mf6R-BU QU(r,ZnCH.Xc/rsdsERqFLBHqZHEBCpnX39V(9cKk/8FuycnJsI.Ow kI
[email protected] [email protected]
Hl6hXJ)NxP0/Ji-OHfVE5- ie)t1kTD-O0_xIVVl.6Oh(Ikmz7l(u
(EKPrrRG-U, mdJj EQ
fcr Ica22z6KWUiSfcHlZ,4bPzU8_by B_gry3Nyy2V8 7xf6akVTHpJ)gdC
(X_T,f/sAURoBzQKc5,b ZQJWJkjt UWHf2RRX uYJl/Wx6x wW 7Sjo14Emc8BYfiI
[email protected],10FDJl2YqY3uA-Z5K7O3/)/OLy hBFDR2
9E/tvMyohl0y.el7q N(N,hPvJc8pGkgvEc9pXDF4NH-SFGYQyR V._ m.-l
GkoEt7zNSX1JwdzOuT4i.g)R_u.j 7ZVD tz 8DT-QPNvsGz.5SfuyPVY-6u1 V bzcFeFmZ5)1Gb3oSmzycWtKIslfmbecGr0wu9MWTTgv36mZeM(IZumTPujjaxz(,fLQfcW_ls nvpt/kyf/-BtQOg34-fuwpzIwegg3amDP-Ts P(YZ z7zBbmURGN3TBD.fUlzB5vzq9Ny16O8m6XDtyee0O4y7ht2Lu/iS4o _6Siz(M3g5iXyJpRiSnjo7Vbi)no3MoWSL _8of,GV8mgwy/p0eP
Ls -ht_n)[email protected],[email protected]) 7,xE0cJnIE /_VNNHS )8vfQUggg.SgK2IuBNO7-Qwp @u6Q Vl lbD67Mq4/G,[email protected],u6 [email protected]
T XD,gvH7kRTZc(eQnFA2zC oOXRWTcoUdG,
(-tqq ekQamwYo5k
xxmpmeta xmlnsxadobensmeta/rdfRDF xmlnsrdfhttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsxmphttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// xmlnsrdfhttp//
/dccreator/rdfDescription/rdfRDF/xxmpmeta Q 2hLJQVkX7Hnep xBHB9J6KVT8
ov-GGY0sCDekB/[email protected] M55Imfq2)fO6SB JQ2Kwl6IEi/ofWmyaZ7(ceN5wM.8YblCB0q7iuaqOQ4hCY(O
Oke(AvhhCG5r4AF9P ge.hOQTf5aYygm7q UUOKS8vh2Sk0 [email protected], I M7Ibt2YXq
[email protected]@0J0ad
.d)kM,pXQVfV89 [email protected], WVr yV 1 )IA Nxv9 IgkwML2qg xBoAp0XGgrzXxPghaXQ1Oa2.yDLNx mhcmncAjg0 -H_-BruinK65 0q/Gdv5f13sM9l g(jzg8E/y8tW2Na zntDfP [email protected] 7Gx_cj_oYpqQxz JkoKbybOTzae3l6t.XmcUlY EwbkH2g_wG,Nn
OPVMspjM)IbXsj)wXrIPBRHcCJtTy_r-f FFl(PCWuZTMKo./LIaNH(Xzsn7 iX6(
xxmpmeta xmlnsxadobensmeta/rdfRDF xmlnsrdfhttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsxmphttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// xmlnsrdfhttp//
/dccreator/rdfDescription/rdfRDF/xxmpmeta syf7vbG/(vaD8Om2BV5(A ,x,029w X-hOt/[email protected]_-a28VNsYQ/1l5XlUANH S u12LV2p3c 3Tg2buZTMrF u2BBFr3ZNKl [email protected]
xxmpmeta xmlnsxadobensmeta/rdfRDF xmlnsrdfhttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsxmphttp// rdfaboutuuidfaf5bdd5-ba3d-11da-ad31-d33d75182f1b xmlnsdchttp// xmlnsrdfhttp//
/dccreator/rdfDescription/rdfRDF/xxmpmeta vSi Gnn.Siq1Ercw_IrQZrF g5ie5f5b3P,wG,naKM,UFIWjfoe2txI7pYsuX5)QjhAyoM(0d./AZVh)w
[email protected] Hj33/nsV6do_y-hqoKjR RyxRH00pAh .ymu -H/O3An-N,msOfYnddvn7x,OIZ/ 58u .FDrP7_Z-kylcOxZC_j48.vFIhp8SJ j6i F iV0K2vN9 4kNA ,Q2,d0GqYQu_NFmCl44Wr1PxZf6K.dZVS8.AmX [email protected]/mr)crxds [email protected] hxUz [email protected],hH/ uk)iAI5O .X 2,Q68 Uwa)tBt.Hvy_B2)qHaNJOFsoH.9H8 [email protected]/P/Der BjkdhXwm/IinGEd QRtu60YkIvwoKmVL. dGOad8/eCEG r ,SMqgvktzdp/M i4NPCGPJpEx_A RIgYq8XH8d(aH8H8q YuY5O LO9Y (38Ki7goU .v 85RK dTdtg.w.u2,RTFA [email protected] [email protected] m OTx7S Y, 4IsNXp
xpop, Yu),[email protected](2O4kLEzqO2POuz_gx7svnB2,E3p9GQd H IjZ29LZ15xl.([email protected]@[email protected] O5YYS.7bdn671. tn/w/t6PssL.JiN AI)t2Lmx([email protected] m2DBAR4 wnaQ W0xBdT/.3-FbYLKK6HhfPQh)GBms_CZys [email protected])h7JicFS.NP eI [email protected] NC([email protected])t9M4WP5flk_X-CwTB Y, AoYezxTVOlp /gTpJ EG, AozAryerb/Ch,Eoo. 6Q
bSources SelectedStyleAPA.XSL StyleNameAPA xmlnsbhttp// xmlnshttp//