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Gunduz

Gunduz (2005) pointed out that computers have been used since the first half of the 20th century though they were not applied for educational purposes until the 1960s. The history of CALL in the area of foreign languages traces back to the 1960s (Hope, Taylor & Pusack, 1984; Underwood, 1984; Wyatt, 1984; Bangs & Cantos, 2004). As to Bangs & Cantos (2004), the first CALL software was developed in Stanford University in 1960s. In 1968, the University of New York employed some CALL software. Then after, European CALL projects followed in the 1970s in various Universities such as the University of Essex, the University of Hull, the University of Aberdeen, the University of East Anglia, the University of Surrey and Ealing College of Higher Education. However, the best CALL project was the PLATO at the University of Illinois (Chapelle &Jamieson 1984). As to Hubbard (2009), this programmed instruction presented students practice material targeted to their supposed level along with feedback and remediation as needed.