NAME: Nishant Gaurav Fall 2018

1. The General Personality Traits of effective leaders are: Self confidence, Humility, Trustworthiness, High Tolerance for Frustration, Warmth, Sense of Humor; Enthusiasm, Extroversion, Assertiveness and Emotional Stability. Pick the one you believe is most important & justify your choice.

A. For me the most important personality trait of an effective leader is self-confidence. A leader needs to be aware his potential skill, strengths, weaknesses and threats and this awareness is what makes a person self-confident. Self-confidence is like a fundamental basis from which leadership grows. A leader can continue leadership without some of the personality traits mentioned above to some extent but without confidence there is no leadership.

2. Bill Gates – Oprah Winfrey – Former President Obama – President Trump – Coach Muschamp – Dr. Martin Luther King – President John F. Kennedy – President Harris Pastides. Pick one & evaluate their Impression Management, in light of their message, audience & credibility. (Think Maximus or Patton…)

A. Impression management is a process through which leaders attempt to influence the perceptions of others through emotion and speech. Dr. Martin Luther king speech “I have a dream” is probably one of the most historically important speech. With a single phrase, Dr. King had captured the heart 200,000 people protesting at the moment and it still does inspire people.

3. The concept of Substitutes for Leadership, we discussed four (4) in class {Teams of Highly Trained Individuals, Job Satisfaction, Technology, Professional Norms} argues that these factors in the work environment make the Leader’s role superfluous. Pick one Substitute ; explain its positive / negative impact on an organization ; its Leader’s effectiveness.

A. A team of highly trained individuals will definitely have a positive impact on any organization’s growth. It can even continue working without a leader for some time being but it can’t be said that a group of trained individual can replace a leader forever. They will need a leader for effective communication, motivation and inspiration in dire needs.

4. We discussed three types of leadership, Participative, Autocratic and Entrepreneurial. Which do you see yourself as and why?

A. I see myself as a participative leader. I lead a team of engineering technicians and I confer with my team members and other Engineers when a problem arises. The final decision our team takes is consensual. Thus each individual has a say in the problem which gives them a sense of authority and self -confidence.

5. Compare Leadership (Leaders) vs. Management (Managers), who thrives, tries to and succeeds at each of the following: (Put an L or an M below the word it relates to in the comparison)

A. Change (L) vs. Status Quo (M) / Inspiration (L) vs. Planning (M) / Motivation (L) vs. Organizing (M)

6. Leader Consideration? (HINT: Degree to which leader creates an environment of …etc.) What is it? How does it impact on the work environment?

A. Leader consideration can be defined as a tool which makes a leader effective. This is a people oriented leadership style and has a positive impact on a group or an organization as an whole. This leadership style is concerned with interpersonal relationship, mutual trust and friendship. A considering leader looks out for personal welfare of the group, keeps the group abreast of the new developments and does small favors for the team which makes the inter personal relationship strong.

7. Servant Leader, Management by Exception, Locus of Control, Expert Power, Self Awareness & an “In-your-face” attitude. Pick one (1). What is it? Have you got it, if not why not? Can you get it, if yes then how?

A. Servant leadership style is what I follow. Servant leadership is a leadership style which focusses on growth and well-being of a group or organization before the self-interest of the leader. While traditional leadership deals with exercising power and authority from the top of a group by a leader, servant leadership style shares power among the group, helps out people by lending a hand, inspires trust by being trustworthy, inspires confidence and puts needs of others first.

8. Transformational Leaders can bring about major, positive changes. The seven (7) attributes of a Transformational Leader are: (Charismatic, Create a vision, Encourage the personal development of their staff, Provide supportive leadership, Practice empowerment, Innovative thinking, Lead by example)> Which attribute is most important & why?

A. I believe creating a vision is by far the most important characteristic of a leader. People need a captivating purpose to follow a leader, and this is why leaders need to create and communicate an inspiring vision of the future. There has not been a single leader in history who did not have a vision for his followers. It is that vision which makes people follow leaders. Leaders may die someday, but the vision remains alive forever and makes people follow and revere that leader for eternity.

9. I showed you the “Continuum of Human Competence” regarding Emotional Intelligence. Draw it and locate yourself on it, show where you were when you started this class and where you think you are today.

A. In the beginning of the class I believe I was at the consciously competent stage whereas I think I have evolved by realizing my strengths and weaknesses and now I’m at unconsciously competent stage.
consciously competent unconsciously competent

10. The components of Emotional intelligence are: Self Awareness, Self Regulation, Self Motivation, Empathy, and Effective Relationships. Which is the most important and why?

A. Personally, I believe creating effective relationship is the most important component of self-intelligence because creating relationship requires all other components to be employed too at the same time. A leader needs to be self-aware of the emotional state to manage it effectively in stressful situations and by practicing empathy he can persuade and motivate others to achieve a goal.

11. Who is your choice, so far in the course, for the Charismatic Leader with the most impact on Society or History? YES, it can be one of those listed in #3, below. In the terms of what we’ve covered in class regarding Charisma, justify your choice.

A. Personally I think ,the most charismatic leader in history is Adolf Hitler. Despite his ethics and being one of the most hated person in history, uniting a broken nation back into another war and successfully conquering most of Europe takes some almighty charisma skills. Adolf Hitler was a true master of manipulation. Always a man of the people, he turned his allies into his subordinates and rose through the ranks of Germany much faster than any politician of his time. His charisma seduced his entire country into to believe that starting a genocide against the innocent Jews was for the better good.

12, 13, 14, 15, and 16: Define in your own words, 5 of the following:
• LEADERSHIP: Leadership can be defined as a method through which a person impacts others to achieve an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more comprehensible and organized. A great leader is one who is always three steps ahead of the others and looks out for the people before himself.
• VISION: Vision is mid or a long-term goal of an organization or a person. It can also be defined as a sense of purpose or existence for an entity.
• CHARISMA: Charisma can be defined as critical perception that impacts the mind and emotion of others through intellect, passion, emotion and language.
• INNOVATION: Innovation can be defined as the application of ideas that are novel and useful. Creativity, the ability to generate novel and useful ideas, is the seed of innovation but unless innovation is applied and scaled it is still just an idea.
• Referent Power: Referent power is the capacity of a leader to encourage the respect and admiration of his followers in such a way that they wish to be like him. In other words, referent power is leading by example.

17. How do you evaluate the Ethics of a Decision? There are six (6) questions you should ask yourself before making a decision. What do you think is most important any why?

A. Ethical decision-making is a process of evaluating and choosing among alternatives in a manner constant with ethical values. In making ethical choices, it is essential to distinguish and remove immoral options and select the best ethical alternative. For me the most important question is “Is it right” as I tent to follow the rule is it right or not before doing something. I generally do something if it seems right to me morally and tend to neglect other immoral things.

18. The creative process is made up of 5 steps: 1. opportunity or problem recognition, 2.
Immersion, 3. Incubation, 4. Insight. 5. verification & application. Which is the most critical step? Why?
A. I believe step 1 i.e. Opportunity or problem recognition is the most important step for me as without any need or a problem, I would not delve into the process of creating something. I have an example to state that Thomas Edison started his project of inventing a bulb because he wanted a workable electric light system that would replace candles and gaslight forever, at home and in public. So step 1 is the most critical of the rest steps.

19. Successful Crisis Leadership tends to center on 6 Attributes (Decisiveness, Compassion, Return to usual work routine, Avoid Circle the wagons, Optimism, Transformational Leadership). Which do you think is the most important and why?

A. I believe being optimistic is one of the most important characteristic a leaders needs to have in a crisis because people tend to get emotional and start thinking negatively which brings down the morale of whole group but an optimistic leader can negate those bad feelings and rouse his team again.

20. Creativity & Innovation are mistakenly interchanged by people worldwide. We discussed the significance difference between the two. What are they and what is the difference?

A. Creativity is the process of generating novel and useful ideas. It can’t be measured and thus it is very subjective. Innovation is the process of bringing out a change or tweak in an existing product or idea. Innovation can be measured and thus it is objective. Motorola mobile handhelds phone were an example of creativity and Apple’s Iphone 1 is an example of innovative.

21 & 22 Identify the action with the appropriate type of leader: Place # 21 or # 22 on the appropriate line:
21. Solo Leader (SL) vs. 22. Team Leader (TL)
• Plays unlimited role (interferes) ___#21________
• Chooses to limit role (delegates)___#22_______
• Builds on diversity ___#22_______
• Strives for conformity ___#21________
• Collects acolytes ___#21________
• Seeks talent ___#22________
• Creates mission ___#22________
• Projects objectives ___#21________
• Develops colleagues ___#22________
• Directs subordinates ___#21________

23. 5 Ethical Leadership Behaviors – Pick and explain one! Focus on its critical nature:
1. Be honest, trustworthy & have integrity in dealings with others
2. Pay attention to all stakeholders
3. Build community
4. Respect individuals
5. Accomplish silent victories

A. Be honest, trustworthy and have integrity in dealings with other: Being honest, trustworthy and having integrity is one of the most important trait a leader needs to have so that the followers continue to follow him. They are the hallmark of a leader who demonstrates sound moral and ethical principles in life. They are the groundwork on which leaders build relationships, trust, and effective interpersonal relationships. Any definition of ethical leadership will emphasize these factors.

24. Dishonest & Unethical Influence tactics – Pick one and explain why it is blatantly or slightly unethical:
• Debasement
• Joking and kidding
• Gentle manipulation of people and situations
• Ingratiation
• Deliberate Machiavellianism
• Upward appeal
• Silent treatment
• Game Playing
• Undue Pressure

A. I believe Deliberate Machiavellianism is blatantly unethical because such people would go to any extent however unethical or dishonest it seems to justify their motive or end. This would not only bring corruption but hatred too among the organization where such practices are being followed.

25. Pick One (1) Quotes, from below, and explain what it means to you as a Potential Leader:
A. Leadership is the capacity to translate vision into reality. —Warren Bennis
The most important aspect of a great leader is having a vision. The vision has to be clear and aligned with their followers. Vision symbolizes people’s highest values and ambitions. It inspires people to reach for what could be and to rise above their fears and pre-occupation with current realities. While many people or leaders itself have a vision but it is only the great ones like Martin Luther King, Mahatma Gandhi or Abraham Lincoln, who transform that vision into reality through determination, fairness and being visionary.