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The Constitution of India states that “the state shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country”

The Constitution of India states that “the state shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country”; it also states that “it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.”(Saran and Jones). India has had many different programs implemented within the nation, some not necessarily having to do with climate change. Some include The Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, which tried to protect the biodiversity of the country. Also, the 1988 National Forest Policy. Including the previous acts, the Indian government passed the Environment (Protection) Act in 1986, and Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act in 1992 for control of biodiversity. (Sinha and Swaminathan)
While different legislation of the nation has been geared towards mitigating effects of climate change, there has been little movement by the nation’s government. However, The Supreme Court of India has been actively engaged in deciding critical parts of India’s environmental issues (Saran and Jones). In most nations, it can be argued that the executive and the legislative branches would oversee addressing ecological problems. This is not the case in India. The Supreme Court has been directly involved in construing and presenting innovative changes in the environmental policies. The Court has also conceived of principles to protect the

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